proteinas
proteinas

The importance of proteins: Healthy Benefits

0.0 de 0 votes

Proteins are an essential component of our diet. They are known as the “building blocks” of the body, as they play a fundamental role in the growth, development and maintenance of our tissues and organs. In this article, we will explore the importance of proteins and the benefits they bring to our health.

What are proteins?

Proteins are macromolecules made up of amino acids, which are the basic building blocks that our body needs to function properly. There are 20 different amino acids, and the combination of these amino acids determines the structure and function of each protein.

Proteins are found in a wide variety of foods, both animal and plant origin. Meats, fish, eggs, dairy, legumes, nuts and seeds are some of the most common sources of protein.

Health benefits of protein

Proteins are essential for the proper functioning of the human body and play numerous vital roles in health and well-being. Here are some of the main importances of proteins:

  1. Tissue construction and repair: Proteins are the basic building blocks of body tissues, including muscles, skin, hair, nails, and internal organs. They help in the repair of damaged tissues and the growth of new tissues.

  2. enzymatic function: Many proteins act as enzymes, which are biological catalysts that speed up chemical reactions in the body. These enzymes are vital for processes such as digestion, energy production and detoxification.

  3. Nutrient transport: Some proteins, such as hemoglobin, transport essential nutrients, such as oxygen, through the bloodstream to the body's cells. Other proteins transport smaller molecules across cell membranes.

  4. Hormonal regulation: Hormones are proteins or are made of proteins. These chemicals regulate numerous physiological functions, including growth, metabolism, mood, and reproduction.

  5. Immune function: Some proteins, such as antibodies, are key components of the immune system. They help defend the body against invading microorganisms and diseases.

  6. Fluid and electrolyte balance: Proteins help maintain fluid and electrolyte balance in the body by regulating osmolarity and fluid volume in the intracellular and extracellular compartments.

  7. Energy sources: While carbohydrates and fats are the main sources of energy, the body can also use protein as an energy source when carbohydrate and fat levels are low.

In conclusion, proteins are essential macromolecules for life, as they play crucial roles in maintaining the structure and function of the human body, as well as in the regulation of numerous physiological processes. Adequate protein intake is vital for optimal health and overall well-being.

Below, we present some of the most important benefits that proteins bring to our health:

1. They promote tissue growth and repair

Proteins are essential for the growth and repair of tissues in our body. They help build and maintain healthy muscles, bones, skin, hair and nails. In addition, they are essential for the production of enzymes, hormones and antibodies that keep our immune system in good condition.

2. They help control weight

Proteins are highly satiating nutrients, meaning they make us feel full and satisfied for longer. By including protein in our meals, we can reduce cravings and overeating, which can help us manage our weight more effectively.

3. Contribuyen al mantenimiento de la masa muscular

As we age, we naturally lose muscle mass. However, consuming enough protein can help minimize this loss and maintain muscle strength and functionality as we age. This is especially important for older adults as it can help prevent frailty and improve quality of life.

4. They improve bone health

Protein is essential for bone health, helping to strengthen bones and prevent age-related loss of bone density. Additionally, some studies have shown that adequate protein intake can help reduce the risk of fractures and osteoporosis.

5. They promote recovery after exercise

After physical exercise, our body needs to repair and rebuild damaged muscle tissues. Protein plays a key role in this recovery process, supplying the amino acids needed to rebuild and strengthen muscles. Therefore, it is important to consume protein after exercising to optimize recovery.

How much protein do we need?

The amount of protein we need varies depending on our age, sex, level of physical activity and health status. However, in general, it is recommended that adults consume about 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight per day. This means that a person weighing 70 kilograms should consume approximately 56 grams of protein per day.

It is important to remember that the quality of the proteins is also important. Animal proteins usually contain all the essential amino acids that our body needs, while plant proteins may be deficient in some amino acids. Therefore, if you follow a vegetarian or vegan diet, it is important to make sure you combine different sources of plant proteins to obtain all the necessary amino acids.

Conclusion

Proteins play a fundamental role in our health and well-being. They are essential for the growth, development and maintenance of our tissues and organs. In addition, they provide a series of benefits, such as promoting muscle growth, controlling weight, maintaining bone health and promoting recovery after exercise.

Asegúrate de incluir fuentes de proteínas de calidad en tu dieta diaria para garantizar que estás obteniendo los nutrientes necesarios para mantener tu cuerpo en óptimo estado. ¡Tu salud te lo agradecerá!

Maybe you might like: Changua (Colombia)

Credit images: Adobe Stock